The bacteria in the mouth generates acid from the residue of carbohydrate foods. The acid in the mouth causes mineral tissue dissolving, decay formation of tooth enamel and decay.
Factors of Dental Caries
- Bacteria Plaque
- Carbohydrate foods
- Genetic Factors
Dental caries may occur on the tooth chewing surface surface or at the interface or in the neck area.
Decayed tooth can easily be diagnosed witha dark colored dental cavity. But sometimes there may be caries on a teeth where enamel is unimpaired which can be determined by using dental x-rays.
Untreated caries on tooth enamel progresses through dentin tissue. Dentine is a tissue softer than the enamel. Therefore dissolves more easily and decay progresses rapidly.
Hot-cold sensitivity can occur when caries reaches dentin.
If pain becomes persistent, the caries reached to pulp tissue which is named nerve package and root canal treatment is required.
Treatment of dental diseases and dentalcaries is the dental treatment branch which repairs substance loss because of caries or other reasons and regains aesthetic and functional aspects.
Composite fillings are aesthetic fillings which are unnoticed on tooth surface, also known as white fillings are hardened by using light. The connection between theteeth and filling is provided by using a special adhesive. Bonding material is in two different types for the front and the back region.
Teeth of the same color with light-cured dental unnoticed in a variety of colors and aesthetic fillings, also known as white fillings. The connection between the teeth filling materials. Special adhesive called bonding region and the back region are available for the different types.
Amalgam filling includes silver, tin, copper and mercury (45-50 %). It is recommended not to eat or chew anytihing for two hours so as to harden the filling. Polishing is done after a few days.
In porcelain filling applications, the model prepared by using cavity dimensions is sent to dental laboratory. At the second session polished porcelain filling which is produced by using precise high-tech methods is bonded to the cavity by special adhesive.
They are prepared andsent to the laboratory from the cavity dimensions. After the session with a advanced technology, precise working results are obtained. Are bonded to the tooth with a special adhesive agent.
Porcelain filling is the best treatment choice in cases where large filling is necessary or crown cover is not desired.