Oral and Maxillofacial surgery contains treatments of pathological conditions on the soft tissue and teeth, extraction of impacted teeth in the jaw bone, maintenance and correction of hard and soft tissues of the mouth to help Prosthetic treatments. Maxillo-facial pain, lower jaw joint diseases, saliva gland disorders and detection and treatment of the symptoms of some systemic diseases are also in the study area of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery.
Advanced applications like placement of the implant into the jawbone, bonegrafts for implants in the absence of adequate bone are also included. Congenital or secondary maxillo-facial anomalies are in the fields of studies. Often example situations are, lip-palate cleft, the deterioration of chewing function and aesthetics, due to the positioning of the upper or lower jaw ahead or behind.
Oral surgeons use advanced X-ray tomography to obtain a three-dimensional bone model of the patient as well as traditional diagnostic techniques like radiography. In this way, accurate preoperative diagnosis can be done and exact operation plan can be made. To be successful in the diagnosis and treatment, a multidisciplinary team with the other specialized areas of dentistry such as orthodontics and dentures should work together.
Oraland Maxillofacial Surgical Procedures can be applied under local or general anesthesia. A detailed medical history and list of drugs (especially blood-thinners, high blood pressure drugs and diabetic drugs) being currently used by the patient should be taken before implementing surgical procedures. The patient’s anxiety and fear should also be considered.