Implants are materials placed in a living tissue or an organ. Implantology is a treatment, applied to people who have lost their natural teeth due to caries, a trauma, periodontal disease (gum disease) and other reasons by placing titanium or ceramic-based artificial tooth root into the jawbone, and fixed or removable dentures are made.
SITUATIONS IN WHICH DENTAL IMPLANTS ARE IMPLEMENTED
Implants are implemented In the absence of a single tooth, patients who have lost teeth single or double-sided in the back to support small number of natural teeth or patients who have lost all their natural teeth.
In particular, the stability of dissolved lower jaw prosthesis without support by implants will be poor. Users are complainant about such a total prosthesis constantly moving in the mouth. At this point, the best solution is the implant treatment offered by the dentist.
A fixed prosthetic implementation can be made in the case of single tooth loss without touching strong natural teeth.
DURATION OF DENTAL IMPLANT TREATMENT
Clinical and radiographic tests are done to the patient who is planned to have implant application. As a result of these examinations, the type of implants to be applied, the diameter and length of implants and the type of prosthesis are determined.
Post-operative waiting time for the implants to fuse are 2 months in lower jaw, 3 months in upper jaw bone. This period is named as the recovery period, and a temporary prosthesis can be produced for the patient so as not to be toothless during that time.
After the recovery period planned fixed or removable dentures are prepared. A fixed prosthesis supported by implants can be implemented for the patients who have lost all their natural teeth, if deemed appropriate by the physician.
HIGH-TECH in IMPLANT APPLICATIONS
The most important point for the implementation of the implant is the bone amount. Teeth are extracted with serious caries or gingivitis. Bone destruction at the extraction of tooth with Gingivitis is much than normal tooth. In this case, bone volume needs to be increased by adding bone, so-called “bone augmentation”.
WHAT MUST BE DONE AFTER DENTAL IMPLANT SURGERY?
Operations carried out under local anesthesia and are painless. After the operation one or two days for recovery pass without problems, painkillers are used and ice application is done. After the operation, the sutures are taken after 7-10 days.
During this period, our patients are required to be suppliedby liquids and soft foods. After the removalof sutures, temporary prosthesis are used during the time required to place theprosthesis.
Implants’ care must be made delicately as in natural teeth. Toothbrushes,dental flosses and mouthwashes are foremost applications. Oral care should be lifelong.
SITUATIONS IN WHICH DENTAL IMPLANTS ARE NOT IMPLEMENTED
Pregnant and postpartum women should not be implanted. People with severe systemic diseases should be evaluated carefully. However, implant canbe applied for diabetics under the control of a diabetes specialist. At thesame time, it is known that the success of implants decreases in smokers. Hypertensive patients should be considered specially.