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What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is the correction of the harmony of the lower and upper jaws, the correction of the correct position of the tooth structure on the jaws and the realization of its treatment.

The treatment method that the patient receives can take place in many different ways. At the end of the treatment, the patient; It is aimed to give correct chewing, good speech and an aesthetic smile.


How Is Orthodontic Treatment Done?

Orthodontic treatment, which begins after the examination of dentists, consists of several stages. The first stage of treatment, which begins with the examination; It is the detection of problems such as incompatibility, occlusion, crowding or crowding in the patient's teeth.

Then it is checked whether there is caries in the mouth and if there is caries, it is treated. The most common treatment method is wearing braces. Braces can be worn in more than one way. The reason why there is more than one option is that it is a treatment method that varies from patient to patient.

Who Is Orthodontics Suitable For?

Orthodontics, which is a frequently used treatment method today, is not only a treatment method used in children. Adults constitute 30 percent of patients receiving this treatment. With this treatment method, which is suitable for everyone, healthy teeth can be moved as desired at any age.

Before Orthodontics

Before the treatment, it is found on the teeth by an orthodontist.

irregularities are treated. The patient may have congenital tooth and tooth structure occlusion problems. However, disorders in the general structure of the teeth may occur accidentally or later. Caries in the mouth must be repaired, root canal treatment and care must be done.

Physician and patient compatibility is extremely important in this treatment method. Treatment goes through a process that requires meticulousness and attention. After completing this process carefully, the patient will have a successful result.

Things to Know After Orthodontics

Orthodontic treatment, which is a treatment method known as wire treatment today, consists of two stages. The first of these stages is the active period when the wires are in the mouth, and the second stage is the protection period, which begins after the wires are removed from the mouth. There are different aspects to consider in both stages.

In order to complete the treatment in the planned time and to gain the desired image during the period when the wires are active in the mouth; During the treatment period, it is necessary to follow the rules told by the doctor. Oral hygiene should be ensured, foods that damage the braces (such as hard, acidic) should not be consumed and the tires should be used as recommended by the doctors.

Toothbrush, single brush and interface brush are written on the prescription of the patient with braces. The reason why it is prescribed so much is that while a natural cleaning is provided during the chewing process on the normally smooth tooth surface; The protruding structures of the brackets can create areas where food can enter, making it difficult to clean the teeth.

After cleaning their teeth with a brush, patients should be placed under the wires and around the brackets with single bundle and interface brushes to remove food residues and prevent dental plaque formation. If this care is not taken, gingivitis problems may occur.

During the treatment, the patient should also pay attention to the foods he eats and drinks. In case of consumption, various damages may occur to the braces.

If we list the foods that should not be consumed in this process:

Nuts with hard shells should not be consumed during the treatment. Hard foods such as cherries, plums and olives can be consumed after the seeds are removed. Foods such as popcorn should not be consumed until the treatment is finished.
Hard foods such as hazelnuts, peanuts and almonds should not be consumed; Although it is consumed, it should be consumed in parts, not in its whole form.
Hard foods should be avoided; Bread should be consumed without being fried, meat should be cooked softly. During the treatment, foods such as bagels that will become hard should be consumed by softening.

Acidic foods damage tooth enamel. Therefore, its consumption should be avoided.
Sticky foods such as jelly, chewing gum, and Turkish delight should not be consumed.
All foods should be consumed softly, in small bites, using the right and left sides equally, without being bitten.

In the vast majority of wire treatments, the patient needs to use rubber. In cases where the patient does not use the tire as his doctor tells, the treatment may be prolonged. Sometimes it can even cause treatment to fail.

After the wires are removed, the treatment will not end immediately. Two different methods are applied to prevent the teeth of the patients from deteriorating. These are shield plates or internal shielding wires. If patients do not use these methods, tooth decay is inevitable.

What should be considered during treatment?

The issue of what to pay attention to during treatment is very important. Because braces treatments are long-term treatments and the patient needs to continue oral care seriously.

Some of the points that you should pay special attention to during the treatment are as follows:

The incidence of caries increases in patients receiving braces treatment and if adequate oral hygiene is not provided, white spots may occur around the bracket. Brushing should be continued until there is no residue around the brackets.

Acidic drinks (such as cola, soda) should be avoided. Such drinks increase the risk of caries by damaging both braces and teeth.
Foods such as very sticky and very sugary (Turkish delight, chewing gum, jelly beans) should not be consumed. Since such foods will enter between the brackets and cannot be cleaned very well, they cause the teeth to decay more quickly.
During the treatment, it is necessary to pay attention to the consumption of very hard foods. It is necessary to consume foods such as apples and cucumbers in small pieces instead of biting them.

Teeth should be brushed with the brushes and interface brushes recommended by the dentist, and dental floss should be used when necessary.

Fixed Orthodontic Appliances

Fixed orthodontic treatment devices usually consist of brackets attached to the teeth and archwires that connect the brackets and direct tooth movement. The fixed devices applied by the specialist must remain stable for the targeted period for the treatment to be successful.

Wireless Orthodontic Treatments

This method, which is becoming increasingly common today, is performed with the help of transparent plaques called Invisalign. For this treatment, plaques suitable for the patient's teeth and mouth structure are prepared. The patient can insert and remove the transparent plates at any time.

This treatment method is an excellent option for those who do not want to wear braces but are uncomfortable with their teeth. After the treatment, a healthy and beautiful appearance is gained.

Orthodontic Treatment Methods


What are Examples?

Treatment methods are carried out with different methods in line with the needs of the patient. There are many different applications of braces treatment. In the selection of the treatment method, the amount of the disorder in the oral structure of the patient, expectations and concerns are important. Among the orthodontic treatment methods; There are metal bracket treatment method, porcelain bracket treatment method, lingual bracket treatment method and clear plate treatment method.

Why Should We Have Orthodontic Treatment?

The reason why this treatment method, which can be applied at all ages, is so preferred by patients is that they want to gain an aesthetic appearance and have a healthy tooth structure.

When to Go to the Orthodontist?

With the eruption of permanent teeth, orthodontic problems begin to emerge. Initiation of treatment should be decided as a result of the examination performed by specialist physicians. Depending on the tooth structure of the patients, the treatment initiation process may vary.

How Long Do Orthodontic Treatments Take?

The duration of treatment varies according to the age of the patient, the disorders in the tooth structure and the treatment method to be applied. The average duration of treatment ranges from 6 months to 3 years. Completing orthodontic treatment within the planned time and getting a good result depends on the teamwork between the patient and the physician.

How often should you go for control during treatment?

During the treatment, the appointment intervals of the patients vary between 4-6 weeks. The duration of treatment will not be shortened by shortening the session intervals or by overstretching the wires in your mouth. On the contrary, this may prolong the treatment period by damaging the teeth.

Will there be pain or soreness during or after orthodontic treatment?

In the first days of wearing braces, there may be mild irritation on the inner surfaces of the lips and cheeks and pain during chewing on the teeth. These complaints disappear within a week. As long as the patient does not eat prohibited foods until the end of the treatment, no pain occurs.

What Should Be Done for the Care of Brackets and Mouth Cleaning?

Patients undergoing braces treatment should pay more attention to oral care. Nutrient accumulation is higher in brackets attached to the teeth. If the oral hygiene is impaired and the plaque on the teeth and brackets is not cleaned, gum diseases, caries and bad breath problems may occur. It is important to clean the plaques regularly and properly. Thus, when the brackets come out, the underlying tooth is healthy and strong.

Is There an Age Limit for Orthodontic Treatment?

Can Orthodontic Treatment Be Applied At Any Age?

There is no age limit for braces treatment. However, the treatment of skeletal disorders in the anterior or posterior jaws should be done before the age of 12.

How and Why Do Orthodontic Problems Occur?

It is caused by skeletal or dental problems related to jaw position. Skeletal problems are inherited from parents through genes. Anterior or posterior chin also requires treatment on the skeletal surface. If jaw problems are not treated with orthodontic treatment methods at a young age, the patient will be treated with surgical interventions at a later age.

Orthodontic problems are one of the most common oral and dental health problems seen in people in different parts of the world. Defects in the jaw, teeth and face area cause both serious functional problems and aesthetic problems. It is possible to see these problems due to many reasons, from personal habits to not paying attention to oral health, to genetic factors.

orthodontic problems;

genetic causes,
Habits that continue for a long time and damage the teeth and cause deformities in the teeth,
Early loss of milk teeth and premature extraction of teeth that develop due to this,
It can be listed as the continuation of swallowing by pushing the tongue.

Precautions should be taken from an early age to avoid such problems in later ages. Unfortunately, it is not possible to prevent hereditary diseases despite the precautions taken. They prepare the oral skeletal system for the teeth that will replace the milk teeth, and early extractions can also cause problems. Therefore, it is wrong to see milk teeth as temporary teeth. Milk teeth should be brushed regularly and oral care should not be neglected. Placement of placeholders after the loss of these teeth prevents future problems.

The most well-known goals of treatment are the correction of the patient's teeth and facial appearance. Cleaning the teeth after straightening also brings oral health. In addition to the aesthetic beauty it provides to the patient, healthy nutrition provided by regular and well-chewed teeth and orthodontic treatment that helps the digestive system; It gives the person a healthy body and self-confidence.

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